Sunday, August 23, 2009

RECYCLING: The Increasing Importance of Biological Wastewater Treatments

By Adi Cohen

As water is used during daily processes, both residential and industrial, waste and contaminants are introduced into the water. There are a variety of ways to combat this such as physical, chemical, and biological wastewater treatments.

The main goal of these treatments is to remove the contaminants in the water so it is clean enough to be discharged back into the natural source or reused again.

Considering the amount of water that is used in the world, processes such as biological wastewater treatment are becoming increasingly important. Although many companies are trying to reduce the level of water needed for their commercial activities, there are many areas that remain dependent on water flows and will continue to produce waster requiring treatments.

There are a number of industries that produce an excessive amount of wastewater. The iron industry that requires different stages of temperature during its processes uses water as a coolant. Mining procedures pollute water with rock particles and minerals.

Oil refineries and storage farms also produce large masses of waste and are frequent targets of environmental protectionists. Processing food generates a large amount of wastewater both from vegetable washing and animal body fluids and hormones. Many other industries use dyes, chemicals, and pesticides all contaminating the water and need biological treatments to purify the water.

Different techniques are used for biological wastewater treatment. Most biological wastewater treatments are based on the concept of putting bacteria in the water to feed on the organic matter in the water. This should ultimately reduce the levels of BOD in the water.

In the second phase of biological water treatment, the bacteria metabolize the material turning it into a tangible form that collects at the bottom of the tank or turns into slime. Once the material has solidified and can be removed, the water is much cleaner.

Similarly to most biological processes, biological wastewater treatments occur at an ambient temperature. This is an important energy saving aspect that affects both how environmentally friendly the process is and results in important cost savings.

Interesting? Get more information about biological wastewater treatment.

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